EFEK EKSTRAK DAUN SIRSAK (ANNONA MURICATA L.) PADA KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL TIKUS WISTAR

Ira Posangi, Jimmy Posangi, Jane Wuisan

Abstract


Abstract: Treatment using medicinal plants has already been applied before modern medicine. Soursop (Annona muricata L.) leaves have been used for the treatment of various diseases. The purpose of this study was to test whether the soursop leaf extract could lower the total cholesterol levels of wistar rats used as test animals. Prior to lowering the cholesterol levels, they first had to be raised, and to raise the level of total cholesterol, all test animals were induced by propyl thiouracyl (PTU). Rosuvastatin was used for positive control group F. Wistar rats were divided into six groups. Group A was the normal control group. Group B was given just PTU. Groups C, D, and E, after having been given PTU, were given respective doses of 50mg, 100mg, and 200mg/day of soursop leaf extract. Group F was given PTU and then rosuvastatin. The results showed that the total cholesterol levels in rats given soursop leaf extract or rosuvastatin were lower than rats that were not given soursop leaf extract or rosuvastatin. Conclusion: soursop leaf extract could lower the total cholesterol levels of wistar rats.

Key words: soursop leaves, cholesterol

 

Abstrak: Pengobatan menggunakan tanaman berkhasiat obat sudah lebih dulu diterapkan dari obat-obat modern. Daun sirsak telah digunakan untuk pengobatan bermacam penyakit. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menguji apakah ekstrak daun sirsak dapat menurunkan kadar total kolesterol tikus wistar yang digunakan sebagai hewan uji. Untuk menaikkan kadar total kolesterol hewan uji diinduksi dengan PTU. Untuk kontrol positif digunakan rosuvastatin. Tikus wistar dibagi dalam 6 kelompok yang terdiri Kelompok A sebagai kontrol normal, Kelompok B diberikan PTU, Kelompok C, D, dan E diberikan PTU kemudian diberikan berturut-turut ekstrak daun sirsak dosis 50mg, 100mg, dan 200mg/hari, Kelompok F diberikan PTU kemudian rosuvastatin. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kadar kolesterol total pada tikus yang diberikan ekstrak daun sirsak atau rosuvastatin lebih rendah daripada tikus yang tidak diberikan ekstrak daun sirsak atau rosuvastatin. Simpulan: ekstrak daun sirsak dapat menurunkan kadar total kolesterol tikus wistar.

Kata kunci: daun sirsak, kolesterol


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Alamat Penyunting dan Tata Usaha: Sekretariat PAAI-Bagian Anatomi-Histologi, FK UNSRAT
Kampus Bahu Manado. Email: paai_manado@yahoo.com