Populasi Hama Keong Mas (Pomacea canikulata L.) Dalam Umpan Dan Jebakan Pada Tanaman Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L.)

Glaudio Lonta, Betsy A. N. Pinaria, Jimmy Rimbing, Marjam M. Toding

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Golden snail (Pomacea canikulata L.) or also known as mulberry snail is one of the main pests
of rice plants in North Sulawesi, including in the City of Tomohon. This golden snail pest likes
young rice plants with the intensity of damage varies from 10-100% depending on the level of
population on each land. This pest destroys plants by grating plant tissue and eating it. In response
to help the problems faced by farmers, research has been carried out on the population of the
golden snail pest (Pomaceacaniklata L) in bait and traps on lowland rice plants (Orzya sativa L).
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use of papaya leaf baits and water
trench traps on the population of golden snail pests on lowland rice plants. The study was
conducted in Taratara 1 Village, West Tomohoon District, Tomohon City. The duration of the
study is approximately four months, which took place from March to May 2020. The research
method was carried out by quantitative descriptive methods with direct experiments in the field.
This experiment uses two lowland rice fields consisting of bait and trap. Observations were made
at the age of plants 21 days after planting, 28 days after planting, and 35 days after planting. The
results of the research on the treatment of bait using papaya leaves an average of 24.8 individuals
/ m2 and on the treatment of traps using an average water trench of 31.4 individuals / m2. The
population of golden snail pests in both treatments decreased from plants aged 21 days after
planting to 35 days after planting. The age factor in plants can increase the height of golden snail
pests. Gold snail can easily attack plants by grating the plant tissue and eating it. Because the
structure of the stems, stems, and leaf blades in the plant is still young. Both treatments contribute
to positive results, so that further research is needed by combining bait and trap treatments on a
larger scale and can be integrated with other environmentally friendly control methods.


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