PENGARUH BOBOT UMBI PADA PERKECAMBAHAN BAWANG MERAH (ALLIUM ASCOLANICUM L) VAR. BIMA

Eka Baluwo, Jelly Porong, Tommy Ogie

Abstract


ABSTRAK

The shallot plant (Allium ascalonicum L.) is one of the annual species included in the Liliaceae
family. Onion production in North Sulawesi from 2013 to 2017, namely; 1,354 tons, 1,242
tons, 1,716 tons, 2,556 tons and 2,880 tons. Production of shallots in Indonesia in 2016
amounted to 1,446,869 tons and in 2017 an increase of 1,470,155 tons (Central Statistics
Agency, 2019). Consumption of shallots in Indonesia is 4.56 kg / capita per year or 0.38 kg /
capita per month, so that the national consumption is estimated to reach 1,608,000 tons per
year. Vegetative shallot seeds (pseudo tubers) have a high moisture content, so they need an
appropriate storage process in order to maintain viability during storage. This study aims to
obtain the ideal tuber weight for the seeds of the shallot plant. To get the ideal tuber weight for
seeds from onion plants. To get the ideal tuber weight for seeds from onion plants. This research
was prepared using a randomized block design (RAK) with the treatment of seed weight on the
tubers and each treatment was repeated three times A = 2-3 gr, B = 4-5 gr, C = 6-7 gr, D = 8-
9 gr and E = ≥ 10 gr. Each treatment consisted of 20 plant samples and was repeated 3 times,
so that a total of 300 plants were obtained. The results of the research conducted, it can be
concluded that treatment A (2-3gr) is the ideal seed weight for the germination process, both
the speed of germination and the synchronization of sprouts followed by treatment B, C, and
D.

Kata Kunci: Bobot Umbi Bawang Merah


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