1 Kajian Keunggulan Komparatif dan Daya Saing Daerah Kabupaten Kepulauan Siau Tagulandang Biaro Pasca Otonomi.

Golfinger . Kalensang

Abstract


Regional economic development depends heavily on the management and the
utilization of local potential resources, especially regional advance products. Those
regional potential resources should have an adge on inter regional or even global
competition in order to encourage economic development. Comparative advantage is
the measurement reference for the regional economics interaction and development
ability. Comparative advantage is often following to the advance regional products
which is also as a base sector i.e sectors that have contributed most significantly to
the improvement of regional economy, especially for income communities as well as
the basic regional competitiveness progression.
The research method used is descriptive method. Secondary data was taken
from the Statistics Central Bureau of North Sulawesi and the Regional Officer Task
Unit in Siau Tagulandang Biaro Archipelago District. Research variables used were
the Gross Regional Domestic Product of Siau Tagulandang Biaro Archipelago
District and North Sulawesi based on The current Prices and The constant Prices
from the year 2007 to 2010 with the aims to determine the economics position or the
economic development level of the Siau Tagulandang Biaro Archipelago District
through the studies of comparative advantage, the regional competitiveness and the
regional inter relationship. Data were analyzed qualitatively with qualitative
description and quantitatively with the location quotient (LQ), shift share.
This research aims showed that Comparative advantage of potential resources
in Siau Tagulandang Biaro Archipelago District is located in the three sector which
are agriculture, transportation and communications sector along with service sector
in which the three sector is also as base sector in Siau Tagulandang Biaro
Archipelago District. The sectoral economic competitiveness in Siau Tagulandang
Biaro Archipelago District is developed but still weak aggregately as shown by
negative shift differential, and the economy of Siau Tagulandang Biaro Archipelago
District is focused or specialized on those sectors that have faster growth in the
North Sulawesi economic.
Of the result of this study can be concluded that the district’s economy
Tagulandang Biaro Siau Archipelago had been developed or enchancing post
autonomous. For this was suggested that regional planning should be oriented on the
basic of sectors or sectors that have comparative advantage and develop a sector that
has high competitiveness. In addition, further enhaced the role of local government
in the provision of public services for people who can provide a broad impact
multiplier effect for local economic development.
Key Word : Economic Development, Comparative Advantage, Competitiveness


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