Author Guidelines

AUTHOR GUIDELINES
WRITING GUIDE/AUTHOR GUIDELINES

Manuscripts are typed with the word processing program Microsoft Word.
Manuscript submission (submit) is done through the Open Journal System (OJS) with the URL: https://www.ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jis
Manuscript in Indonesian or English. Manuscripts written in Indonesian should follow the Enhanced Indonesian Spelling Guidelines.
Manuscripts are typed with left, right, top and bottom margins: 3.5 cm, 2.2 cm, 2.5 cm and 2.5 cm, respectively.
Manuscripts are typed using Times New Roman font size 11 pt, except for Indonesian and English titles which are 12 pt.
Manuscripts are typed in 2 columns in the following order:
Title/Title
The title consists of a maximum of 15 words (Indonesian) or 12 words (English); if unavoidable, separate some words into subheads. Avoid clichés such as: preliminary research, comparative study, review of. Also avoid: (a) specific abbreviations or acronyms, unless they are general in nature, and (b) Latin names for organisms that are widely identified.

Author/Author

The author's name consists of 2 words, namely the first name and the last name. Last name should not be abbreviated. If the author's name consists of only 1 word, then the last name is made the same as the first name.

Affiliate and e-mail address/Affiliate and e-mail address

Write down the affiliation and email address of each author. Affiliate format: Department/Department, Faculty, University, City, State. Name of Department, Faculty and University written in full (not abbreviated)

Abstract/Abstract
The abstract consists of only one paragraph and is written in Indonesian and English. In the abstract there must be a title, research objectives, research methodology and results that are conveyed clearly and independently. The maximum number of words is 250 for Indonesian and 200 words for English.

Keywords

Keywords consist of 3-5 words or phrases. Each word/phrase is separated by a semicolon (;). Cannot use abbreviations

INTRODUCTION
The introduction must lead directly to the main core of the research or the main problem faced, and be supported by primary and up-to-date literature references. Literature references focus on studies conducted in the last 1 to 10 years that are relevant to the research being carried out (minimum 5 references). In this section the author should be able to express the importance of this research (gap analysis statement) and the uniqueness/advantages of this paper compared to previous papers (research gap statement). The last paragraph of the introduction must also be completed with the research objectives and hypotheses (if needed).

RESEARCH METHODS/RESEARCH METHOD
This section consists of: a) the place and time of the research, and b) the materials and methods of work (which include: procedures, techniques, experimental design, and data analysis).

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Results are presented in a logical, concise, and systematic way (tables and important illustrations must be included). The discussion is a review of the research results; related in it, logical arguments and comparisons with the results of other studies (literature reference).

CONCLUSION/CONCLUSION
The conclusion only consists of 1 (one) paragraph. Conclusions are not merely statistical conclusions, but their interpretations after being linked to the background and objectives of the research. The statement in the conclusion must be critical, concrete, and single in meaning; not vague or mysterious. If you include suggestions, this section should be a development material for further research.

Acknowledgments/Acknowledgments (if any)

Acknowledgments are addressed to those who helped financially (official sponsors).

REFERENCES/REFERENCES
References used a minimum of 15 pieces
References used at least 80% are from journals or proceedings and are up-to-date (1-10 years)
Writing bibliography using APA Style (American Psychological Association Style)
It must be ensured that any references cited in the text are also listed in the Bibliography and vice versa. We recommend that authors use a reference manager application, such as Mendeley, EndNote, Mendeley or others to create a bibliography.
It is not allowed to use secondary citations in citations, such as Hidayat (2018) in Miftah et al. (2019), and uses 'Anonymous' as a reference.
Examples of in-text reference citations: Hatidja (2019) or (Hatidja, 2019); Myers et al. (2017) or (Myers et al., 2017); Gultom & Lubis (2014) or (Gultom & Lubis, 2014).
The bibliography is arranged alphabetically with the last name of the author and the year of publication (Name-Year).
Writing a book bibliography in order that all authors, year, book title, name and