POLA KEHILANGAN GIGI PADA MASYARAKAT DESA ROONG KECAMATAN TONDANO BARAT MINAHASA INDUK

Yuriansya Mangkat, Vonny N. S. Wowor, Nelly Mayulu

Abstract


Abstract: The use of denture aims to improve the function of mastication, restoring the aesthetic function, improve the function of phonetics, and maintain the remaining oral tissues to be healthy. This study aimed to obtain the pattern of tooth loss among people in Tondano District Roong Village West. The study population was the whole villagers of Roong who used removable partial dentures acrylic-based. There were 75 people obtained by a preliminary survey in October 2014. Sampling was conducted by using total sampling method. The results showed that tooth loss occured mostly of the lower jaw partly tooth loss (80.33%). The mostly used type was RPDs with a total of 50.43% (17.10% of the upper jaw, 33.33% of the lower jaw). The pattern of partly tooth loss was based on the Applegate-Kennedy clasification, and the most frequent was class VI 22.10% (32.14% of the upper jaw and lower jaw 16.33%). RPDs were use based on the pattern of tooth loss, the most frequent was class VI 22.10% (32.14% RPDs of the upper jaw and 16.33% of the lower jaw). Based on the pattern of tooth loss, the usage of GTC was most frequent of the class IV 27.27% (GTC maxilla 1 (5.55%).
Keywords: pattern of tooth loss

Abstrak: Penggunaan gigi tiruan bertujuan untuk memperbaiki fungsi pengunyahan, memulihkan fungsi estetik, meningkatkan fungsi fonetik, serta mempertahankan jaringan mulut yang masih ada agar tetap sehat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran pola kehilangan gigi pada masyarakat Desa Roong Kecamatan Tondano Barat. Populasi penelitian yaitu seluruh masyarakat desa Roong yang menggunakan gigi tiruan sebagian lepasan berbasis akrilik yang berjumlah 75 orang, diperoleh berdasarkan survei awal pada bulan Oktober 2014. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode total sampling. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa pada kehilangan gigi kebanyakan terjadi pada rahang bawah kehilangan gigi sebagian sebanyak 80,33%. Penggunaan terbanyak jenis GTSL dengan jumlah 50,43% (rahang atas 17,10%, rahang bawah 33,33%). Pola kehilangan gigi sebagian berdasarkan klasifisikasi Applegate-Kennedy, terbesar kelas VI sebanyak 22,10% (rahang atas 32,14% dan rahang bawah 16,33%). Penggunaan GTSL berdasarkan pola kehilangan gigi, terbesar kelas VI sebanyak 22,10% (GTSL rahang atas 32,14% dan rahang bawah 16,33%). Penggunaan GTC berdasarkan pola kehilangan gigi, terbesar kelas IV sebanyak 27,27% (GTC rahang atas 1 orang yaitu 5,55%).
Kata kunci: pola kehilangan gigi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35790/eg.3.2.2015.10015

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