Analisis Potensi Bahaya Dan Resiko Dengan Menggunakan Job Safety Analisis di Rumah Sakit

Frico Talumewo, Diana Van Doda, Aaltje Ellen Manampiring

Abstract


Siloam Hospitals Manado, apart from being a health facility, is also a workplace that has potential hazards and risks. The purpose of this study was to identify the potential hazards and the level of risk in the emergency room of Siloam Hospital Manado and to develop recommendations for controlling these risks. This research method is descriptive qualitative with an observational approach using the Job Safety Analysis (JSA) method. The results of the study identified the potential hazards and risks in the emergency room of Siloam Hospital Manado, namely very high risk, bacterial and viral infections present in the patient's cough or droplet. High risk, viral or bacterial infection in body fluids or blood of patients infected through needles, IV needles, NGT, catheters, or during intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Moderate risk, patients who are angry at the officers, chest compressions during CPR, body posture during patient examining in a lower place, squatting position when put infusion or drug injection, moving the patient. Low risk, needle stick injury, slip on slippery floor, fall from stairs, chlorine powder irritation, drug liquid irritation, busy work schedule, radiation hazard. Control recommendations consist of substitution control, engineering, administration and use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Keywords


Potential Hazards and Risks; Emergency Unit; Job Safety Analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Doda D, V., Wariki W, M, V., Wungouw, H, I., Engka, J, N., Pangemanan, D, H, C., kawatu, P, A, T, et all. 2020. Work related low back pain, psychosocial, physical and individual risk factors among nurses in emergency care unit. Enfermeria Clinica. Vol 30, hal 31-35

______, 2016. Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan RI No. Kep. 66/2016 tentang Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja di Rumah Sakit. Jakarta

Maria, Silvia dkk. 2015. Kejadian kecelakaan kerja perawat berdasarkan tindakan tidak aman. Jurnal care Vol. 3, No.2

Lumintang, P., Kumaat L., Mulyadi. 2015. Perbedaan Tingkat Stres Kerja Perawat Instalasi Gawat Darurat Dan Unit Rawat Inap Di Rumah Sakit Pancaran Kasih Gmim Manado. E-joural Keperawatan (e-Kep) Volume 3.Nomor 1

Sumampouw, M, F., Doda, D, V., Sitanggang, E, P,. 2017. Analisis Potensi Bahaya Dan Tingkat Risiko Dengan Menggunakan Metode Job Safety Analysis (Jsa) Pada Bagian Produksi Salah Satu Industri Tepung Kelapa. Paradigma Sehat Vol 5 no 3

______, 2015. Data Kecelakaan kerja dan Profil RS Siloam. Quality and Risk Departemen Siloam Hospital Manado.

______, 2016. Data Kecelakaan kerja dan Profil RS Siloam. Quality and Risk Departemen Siloam Hospital Manado.

______, 2017. Data Kecelakaan kerja dan Profil RS Siloam. Quality and Risk Departemen Siloam Hospital Manado.

______, 2018. Pedoman Pelayanan Emergency. Emergency Departemen Siloam Hospital Manado.

Ndejjo et al.. 2015. Occupational health hazards among healthcare workers in Kampala, Uganda. Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2015. Article ID 913741.

Putri, Z., Arif, M., Subaris , S. (2017). Analisis risiko keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja pada petugas kesehatan instalasi gawat darurat rumah sakit akademik UGM. Jurnal Kesehatan ISSN, 10

Bramasto, T., dan I. Zainafree. 2015. Penggunaan Job Safety Analysis Dalam Identifikasi Risiko Kecelakaan Kerja di Bagian Workshop PT. Total Dwidaya Kota Semarang. Unnes Journal of Publik Health 4 (4), hal. 94-106.

Bakhtiar, D. S., dan M. Sulaksmono. 2013. Risk Assessment Pada Pekerjaan Wellding Confined Apace Di Bagian Ship Building di PT DOK Perkapalan Surabaya. The Indonesian Journal Of Occupational Safety anf Health, Vol 2 No 1, hal. 52-60.

De Beer, P., and T. M. M. Maja. 2016. Assessment of musculoskeletal Disorders and Absenteeism. Journal Occupational Health Southern Afrika, Vol 22 No 1, hal. 24-29.

Erris., dan Erna. 2013. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Nyeri Pinggang Pada Pengerajin Batik Tulis Di Kecamatan Danau Letuk Kota Jambi Tahun 2012. Scientia Journal Vol 2 No 1, hal. 21-25

Ramdan, I, M., Rahman, A,. 2017. Anaslisis Risiko Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja (K3) pada Perawat. Jurnal Kesehatan Perawat. Volume 5 no 3

Angelia, A., Doda D, V, D., Manampiring A, E., 2019. Prevalensi Tuberkulosis Laten Dan Evaluasi Kebijakan Rumah Sakit Berdasarkan Persepsi Tenaga Kesehatan Terhadap Pencegahan Tuberkulosis. Jurnal Biomedik. 2020;12(3):192-199

Damapolii, R, F., Manampiring A, E., Doda D, V, D., 2019. Hubungan Kekerasan Dengan Stres Kerja Pada Perawat Unit Gawat Darurat Dan Intensive Care Unit Rumah Sakit Di Kota Bitung Dan Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Jurnal KESMAS, Vol. 8 No. 3

Ihsan, T,. T. Edwin, dan R. O. Irawan. 2016. Analisis Risiko K3 Dengan Metode HIRARC Pada Area Produksi PT Cahaya Murni Andalas Permai. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Andalas 10(2), hal. 179-182.

Ramli, S. 2013. Sistem Manajemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja OHSAS 18002, Cetakan ke-tiga. Jakarta: Dian Rakyat.

Kurniawidjaya, L.M., Purnomo, E., Maretti, N., & Pujiriani, I. 2014. Pengendalian risiko ergonomi kasus low back pain pada perawat di Rumah Sakit. Majalah Kedokteran Bandung, 46(4), 225-233




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35801/ijphcm.v1i4.35267

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.