Paulus Adrian Pangemanan, Gene H. M. Kapantow, Melissa ., Tarore


The purpose of this research This research develops a management model of tourist destinations that integrates economic and ecological development based on the suitability of pay (WTP) of visitors with the willingness to accept (WTA) of the local community, which is supported by the role of business actors and the government. This research focuses on identifying existing economic and ecological conditions, analyzing and formulating alternative activities for economic and ecological improvement based on the willingness to pay (WTP) -willingness to accept (WTA) indicator. This research was conducted for 10 months from March to December 2018, in the tourist destination area of Pulisan Beach, North Minahasa Regency. The results of the study concluded that the willingness to pay (WTP) analysis tool to accept (WTA) can produce a choice of tourism activities and products that are desired by tourists and accepted by the local community with the support of the government and business actors. The choice of activities and products can ensure sustainable use of resources, by strengthening conservation principles. This instrument can be adapted for the management of other resources that confront economic interests, and preserve the environment and resources.


Keywords: tourist destination, economic-ecology, willingness to pay (WTP)-willingness to accept (WTA), kuadroheliks

Full Text:



Alexander C. O’Neill. 2002. What Globalization Means for Ecotourism: Managing Globalization's Impacts on Ecotourism in Developing Countries. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies: 9(2): 501 - 528.

Barkauskiene K and V. Snieska. 2013, Ecotourism as an untegral part of sustainable tourism development. Economics and Management, 18(3): 449 – 456.

Barkin D. 2003. Alleviating poverty through ecotourism: Promises and reality in the Monarch butterfly reserve of Mexico. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 5: 371–382.

Diesendorf, M., 2000, ‘Sustainability and sustainable development’, in Dunphy, D, Benveniste, J, Griffiths, A and Sutton, P (eds) Sustainability: The corporate challenge of the 21st century, Sydney: Allen &Unwin, chap. 2, 19-37.

Kiss A. 2004. Is community-based ecotourism a good use of biodiversity conservation funds?. TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution, 19 (5): 232 – 237.

Koens J.F., C. Dieperink, and M. Miranda. 2009. Ecotourism as a development strategy: experiences from Costa Rica. Environ Dev Sustain, 11:1225–1237.

Libosada C.M. 2009. Business or leisure? Economic development and resource protection - Concepts and practices in sustainable ecotourism. Ocean & Coastal Management 52: 390–394.

Medellu Ch., and Pangemanan P., 2015. WTP-WTA instrument for controlling the tourism destination life-cycle. Paper presented at IcoMensed seminar, August 7 -9, 2015.

Scheyvens R (1999) Ecotourism and the empowerment of local communities. Tourism Manage 20: 245–249.

Stefanica, M. and M. Vlavian-Gurmeza. 2010. Ecotourism – model of sustainable tourist development. Studies and Scientific Researches, 15, 480-486.

Nghi T., N. T. Lan, N. D. Thai, D. Mai, and D. X. Thanh. 2007. Tourism carrying capacity assessment for PhongNha - Ke Bang and Dong Hoi, QuangBinh Province. VNU Journal of Science, Earth Sciences 23: 80-87

Wunder, S. 2000. Ecotourism and economic incentives: an empirical approach. Ecol. Econ. 32, 465–479.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.