Pengaruh Suplementasi Ion Logam Besi Terhadap Kinerja Fermentasi dan Toleransi Sel Ragi Saccharomyces cerevisae terhadap Cekaman Lingkungan

Saadah D. Rachman, Tysza Ainnunnisa Maulidya Putri, Agus Safari, Nenden I. Anggraeni, Muhammad Fadhlillah, Safri Ishmayana

Abstract


Selama proses fermentasi bioetanol, ragi Saccharomyces cerevisiae terpapar berbagai cekaman lingkungan. Ion logam yang berpotensi untuk meningkatkan kinerja fermentasi dan toleransi sel terhadap cekaman ialah ion logam besi II (Fe2+) yang berperan sebagai kofaktor dalam berbagai proses metabolisme. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mempelajari pengaruh suplementasi ion Fe2+ dalam media fermentasi terhadap kinerja fermentasi, serta toleransi sel ragi terhadap cekaman etanol, oksidatif, asam lemah dan tekanan osmotik. Penelitian diawali dengan melakukan fermentasi glukosa menggunakan S. cerevisiae A12 selama 120 jam dengan pengambilan sampel dengan interval waktu 6 jam untuk 24 jam pertama serta 12 jam untuk sisanya. Masing-masing sampel ditentukan nilai OD600nm, persentase sel hidup, jumlah sel hidup, kadar glukosa, kadar etanol. Pada jam ke 24, sel diuji daya tahannya terhadap cekaman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa suplementasi ion logam Fe2+ hanya mampu meningkatkan laju produksi etanol, tetapi tidak mempengaruhi parameter lain.

During bioethanol fermentation process, Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells are exposed to various environmental stress factors. One of metal ions that have potency for improving fermentation performance and yeast stress tolerance is ferrous ion (Fe2+) that acts as cofactors in various metabolism process. The present study was directed to investigate the effect of ferrous ion supplementation to the fermentation media on fermentation performance, improving yeast stress tolerance against ethanol, oxidative, weak acid and hyperosmotic stresses. The fermentation was conducted by fermenting glucose using S. cerevisiae strain A12 for 120 hours. The sampling was performed every 6 hours during the first 24 hours and 12 hours for the rest of fermentation. The sample was examined for their OD600nm, total cell number, viable cell number, glucose content and ethanol content. At 24 hours the cell was examined for their stress tolerance. The result of the present study indicates that supplementation using ferrous ion improve the rate of ethanol production, but not other parameters.


Keywords


Bioethanol; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Ferrous ion; Stress tolerance

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35799/jmuo.9.2.2020.28565

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