PENGARUH PEMBERIAN INFUSA DAUN LABU SIAM (Sechium edule) TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR KOLETEROL DARAH TOTAL TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN (Rattus norvegicus)

Ausich Singal, Edwin de Queljoe, Paulina Yamlean

Abstract


ABSTRACT

 

This study aims to determine the effect of infusion of conjoined pumpkin leaves (Sechium edule) on reducing total blood cholesterol of male white rats (Rattus norvegicus). The subjects of this study were 15 male white rats with an average body weight of 200 grams which were divided into 5 groups, each group consisted of 3 mice. The method used is a laboratory experiment with a completely randomized design. The results were obtained from 2 measurements of blood cholesterol levels, namely measurements before and after treatment. The treatment begins with the provision of high-fat foods for 48 days. On the 49th day a blood cholesterol level was measured before treatment. Furthermore, treatment was given to each group, namely aquades in the negative control group, simvastatin in the positive control group, and squash leaves infusion with their respective doses in the dose group I (40%), the dose group II (20%), and the dose group III (10%). Measurement of cholesterol levels after treatment was carried out on day 54. Data were analyzed by Paired t-test and One Way ANOVA. The analysis showed that there were no significant differences between treatment groups. Judging from the change in average and percentage, 40% infusion dose of siamese pumpkin leaves gives the best reduction in cholesterol levels.

 

Keywords: Cholesterol, pumpkin leaves, male white mouse infusion.

 

ABSTRAK

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian infusa daun labu siam (Sechium edule ) terhadap penuruan kolesterol darah total tikus putih jantan (Rattus norvegicus). Subjek penelitian ini berupa tikus putih jantan berjumlah 15 ekor dengan berat badan rata-rata 200 gram yang dibagi dalam 5 kelompok, masing-masing kelompok sebanyak 3 ekor. Metode yang digunakan yaitu eksperimen laboratorium dengan rancangan acak lengkap. Hasil penelitian diperoleh dari 2 kali pengukuran kadar koleterol darah yaitu pengukuran sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Perlakuan dimulai dengan pemberian makanan tinggi lemak selama 48 hari. Pada hari ke49 dilakukan pengukuran kadar kolesterol darah sebelum perlakuan. Selanjutnya diberikan perlakuan pada tiap kelompok yaitu aquades pada kelompok kontrol negatif, simvastatin pada kelompok kontrol positif, dan infusa daun labu siam dengan dosis masing-masing pada kelompok dosis I (40 %), kelompok dosis II (20 %), dan kelompok dosis III (10%). Pengukuran kadar kolesterol sesudah perlakuan dilakukan pada hari 54. Data diananlisis dengan Paired t-test dan One Way ANOVA. Hasil analisa menunjukan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna antar kelompok perlakuan. Dilihat dari perubahan rerataan dan presentase, dosis infusa  40% daun labu siam memberikan penurunan kadar koleterol terbaik.

 

Kata kunci : Infusa daun Labu siam, kolesterol, tikus putih jantan.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35799/pha.9.2020.27422

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Copyright (c) 2020 PHARMACON



 

Publisher :
Pharmacy Study Program,
Faculty of Mathematic and Science
Sam Ratulangi University
Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 95115

      

Cooperation With :
Persatuan Ahli Farmasi Indonesia (PAFI)
Sulawesi Utara
Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, 95112

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