Composition Of Types And Distribution Of Faviidae Corals In The Bahowo Reef Fall, Tongkaina, Manado City

Fabiola Wewengkang, Silvester B. Pratasik, Laurentius Th. X. Lalamentik, Unstain Rembet, Gaspar Manu, Hariyani Sambali

Abstract


Coral reef is an ecosystem built by calcium-producing marine biota, especially corals. One of the reef-building corals (hermatypic) is Faviidae that is distributed in almost all territories of Indonesia. This study was carried out in the reef flat of Bahowo, Tongkaina, Manado. Data collections used the sampling method with quadrat. There were 6 genera of Faviidae recorded in this study, Favia, Favites, Goniastrea, Leptoria, Montastrea, and Platygyra with clumped distribution patterns.

Keywords: hermatypic; genera; ecosystem; quadrat.

 

Abstrak

Terumbu karang merupakan ekosistem yang dibangun oleh biota laut penghasil kapur, terutama oleh hewan karang. Salah satu karang pembentuk terumbu (hermatipik) adalah karang batu Faviidae yang memiliki penyebaran hampir di seluruh wilayah Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan di rataan terumbu Bahowo, kelurahan Tongkaina, kota Manado. Berdasarkan hasil pencatatan data dengan menggunakan metode sampling kuadrat yang kemudian diolah dan dianalisis secara statistik dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak (MS Excel) diperoleh 6 genera karang batu Faviidae, yaitu Favia, Favites, Goniastrea, Leptoria, Montastrea, dan Platygyra dengan pola distribusi yang mengelompok.

Kata kunci: hermatipik; ekosistem; genera; kuadrat.


Keywords


Hermatypic; Genera; Ecosystem; Quadrat

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35800/jip.v10i1.37295

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