PERENCANAAN TURBIN AIR MIKRO HIDRO JENIS PELTON UNTUK PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK DI DESA KALI KECAMATAN PINELENG DENGAN HEAD 12 METER

Ceri Steward Poea, Gerits Dirk Soplanit, Jotje Rantung

Abstract


The utilization of water as a natural resource of renewable energy for power plant is one of the alternative solutions to replace the need for fossil fuels.

there is a waterfall on the river which through Kali village in Pineleng district, From observations and the calculation speed of the flow by using buoys, and river cross-sectional area obtained the total river debit Q = 0.323 m3 / s. From the measurements is also obtained high fall the waterfall H = 12 m. Based on the existing height and debit of the water fall the major dimensions of a water turbine Pelton Micro Hydro type as the driving power generator was planned.

The results of calculations for effective head = 12 m, with a water debit that is used to drive the runners Q = 0.06 m3/s, gained power generated by 4.0 kW. By the data is planned the main dimensions of micro turbine Pelton outer runner diameter Do = 380.8 mm, the diameter of the circle pin D = 202 ​​mm, number of bowls z = 19 with 1 nozzle, and a shaft diameter ds = 45 mm.

Key Word: Kali Village Pineleng, Pelton Water Turbin


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