ANALISIS PERILAKU HARIAN HARIMAU SUMATERA (Panthera tigris sumatrae) DI TAMAN MARGASATWA MEDAN

Kiandreas Tarigan, Wawan Nurmawan, Martina A. Langi

Abstract


Abstract

Medan Wildlife Park is a conservation area for the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris
sumatrae) which is kept in an artificial environment and shown to the public. Different
environments will affect the daily behavior of animals, and an indicator of successful
conservation is seen from the increase in the number of tigers that survive and are able
to breed (Yelanda, 2017). This research aims to study the daily behavior of the
sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) at the Medan Wildlife Park by calculating

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the duration and frequency of occurrence of each behavior sumatran tigers (Panthera
tigris sumatrae) in the Medan Wildlife Park. The results of this study indicate that there
are five behaviors of the sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) in the Medan
Wildlife Park, with the percentage of duration and frequency of behavior from the
highest to the lowest is resting behavior (49.23%) with a relative frequency of 41.48%,
moving places ( 41.02%) with a relative frequency of 37.47%, others (4.94%) with a
relative frequency (12.71%), social (2.60%) with a relative frequency of 4.39%, and
eating ( 2.20%) with a relative frequency of 3.95%. The daily behavior of the Sumatran
tiger has differences in terms of length of time, manner, and behavior in the Medan
Wildlife Park with behavior in the wild. Based on the different tests conducted, it is
known that male and female sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) have different
forms of behavior but do not have a significant difference in behavior duration.
Keywords: daily behavior, sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), medan wildlife

park


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