KERUSAKAN MEKANIS BUAH PEPAYA (Carica Papaya l.) DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN ALAT SIMULATOR MEJA GETAR

Elivia Salulinggi, Ireine A. Longdong, Stella M.E. Kairupan, Ruland A. Rantung

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Papaya ( Carica papaya L ) is a fruit that comes from the tropical regions of the Americas that were
then distributed to various places by the Portuguese and Spanish, including India and other tropical
country. This research aims to study the mechanical failure vibration style fruit such as papaya, bruises,
abrasions and scratches during transport of the simulation process. And to study the changes in color and
hardness levels papaya fruit after 3 days of storage. The first phase of the research observes and
mechanical damage by observing the appearance of the fruit papaya fruit surface abrasions and bruises
as a result of the transport simulation. after 3 days of storage of papaya fruit appearance began to
malfunction which can no longer be consumed by consumers. Papaya fruit texture changes before
simulation on the green mature namely: 7.26 kg/cm2, the half-baked 4.5 kg/cm2, while the cook full 1.9
kg/cm2. After 3 days of storage the texture of ripe green papaya decreased hardness is 4.26 kg/cm2, half
cook 2.33 kg/cm2 and 1.45 kg/cm2 fully ripe. Discoloration on papaya fruit increased after 3 days of
storage, the green ripe 40.82 (+) half- ripe 48.37 (+) and fully ripe 57.89 (+). While vibration for 15
minutes resulted in a full ripe papaya fruit suffered abrasions, bruises nearly all papaya fruit surface .
Keywords : Papaya fruit, mechanical damage, the amount of vibration .

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