Mediating Role of Social Presence towards Teaching Presence and Cognitive Presence of Management Study Program

Liestya Padmawidjaja, Wirawan E. D. Radianto, Ika Raharja Salim, Dominica Prima Kurnia Kharismatika Putri, Dwi Sunu Widyo Pebruanto

Abstract


Abstract:   The aim of this research is to examine the effect of Teaching Presence on Cognitive Presence with Social Presence as a mediating variable in online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research respondents are 266 students in the 2020 class of a management study program in a private university in Surabaya. Hypothesis testing is conducted using Mediation Regression Analysis Technique. The results of this study are (1) Teaching Presence directly affects Cognitive Presence in students. Teaching methods will greatly impact and affect the student’s level of understanding of the material; (2) Teaching Presence directly affects Social Presence in students. A conducive atmosphere amongst students and between students and lecturers are very important and must be effective, such that there is mutual trust so that they can be open to each other, exchange ideas, and help each other. Through this process, the chances of students understanding the material will be greater; (3) Teaching Presence affects Cognitive Presence through Social Presence on students. The interaction amongst students and between lecturers and students have higher influence than the teaching method provided by the lecturer. This does not mean that teaching method is not important, but with effective interaction between students, it is able to encourage students' knowledge and skills. The implication of this research is that lecturers are obliged to prepare quality learning methods and facilitate students’ social interactions in the classroom. Lecturers must be able to build community in the classroom so that the discussion and question and answer process can run effectively.

Abstrak:   Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh Teaching Presence terhadap Cognitive Presence dengan Social Presence sebagai variable mediasi dalam pembelajaran daring pada masa pandemik Covid-19. Responden penelitian adalah 266 mahasiswa angkatan 2020 dari program studi manajemen dari salah satu universitas swasta di Surabaya. Pengujian hipotesis menggunakan Teknik Mediation Regression Analysis. Hasil penelitian ini adalah (1) Teaching Presence secara langsung mempengaruhi Cognitive Presence pada mahasiswa. Metode pengajaran akan sangat berdampak dan mempengaruhi pencapaian tingkat pemahaman materi oleh mahasiswa; (2) Teaching Presence secara langsung mempengaruhi Social Presence pada mahasiswa. Suasana yang kondusif diantara mahasiswa dan antara dosen dengan mahasiswa sangat penting dan harus efektif, agar terdapat saling kepercayaan sehingga mereka bisa saling terbuka, bertukar pikiran, dan saling membantu. Melalui proses ini maka peluang mahasiswa akan memahami materi akan lebih besar.; (3) Teaching Presence mempengaruhi Cognitive Presence melalui Social Presence pada mahasiswa. Interaksi antar mahasiswa dan dosen dengan mahasiswa memiliki pengaruh yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan metode pengajaran yang diberikan oleh dosen. Hal ini bukan berarti metode pengajaran tidak penting, namun dengan adanya interaksi yang efektif antar mahasiswa mampu mendorong pengetahuan dan ketrampilan mahasiswa. Implikasi dari penelitian ini adalah dosen berkewajiban untuk mempersiapkan metode pembelajaran yang berkualitas dan memfasilitasi interaksi sosial mahasiswa di dalam kelas. Dosen harus bisa membangun komunitas dalam kelas agar proses diskusi, tanya jawab dalam berjalan dengan efektif.r proses diskusi, tanya jawab dalam berjalan dengan efektif.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35794/jmbi.v9i1.38640

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