• Christoffel M. O. Mintardjo Universitas Sam Ratulangi
  • Imelda W. Ogi Universitas Sam Ratulangi
  • George M. V. Kawung Universitas Sam Ratulangi
  • Michael Ch. Raintung Universitas Sam Ratulangi



Entrepreneurial activities have existed since the advent of human civilization, making this activity one of the oldest professions of humankind. Entrepreneurial thought as a scientific concept began in the middle of the 15th century two decades before the advent of economic theory from Adam Smith. The development of entrepreneurship theory continues to grow until the era of technology-based entrepreneurship in the third millennium. This paper aims to explore the historical chronology of the development of entrepreneurship theory in general.

Entrepreneurship theory, entrepreneurship history, though, research, activity

Author Biographies

Christoffel M. O. Mintardjo, Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Jurusan Manajemen

Imelda W. Ogi, Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Jurusan Manajemen

George M. V. Kawung, Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisis, Jurusan Ekonomi Pembangunan

Michael Ch. Raintung, Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Biisnis, Jurusan Manajemen


Audretsch, David B., Max C. Keilbach, dan Eric E. Lehmann. 2006. Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bikard, M., dan Scott Stern. 2011. “Review of The invention of enterprise: Entrepreneurship from ancient Mesopotamia to modern times.†Journal of Economic Literature 49(1):164–68.

Bygrave, William D., dan Andrew Zacharakis. 2011. Entrepreneurship. 2 ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Cantillon, Richard. 1931. Essai sur la Nature du Commerce en General. H. Higgs. London: Macmillan.

Case, Steve. 2017. The Third Wave, An Entrepreneur’s Vision of the Future. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Chell, Elizabeth. 2008. The Entrepreneurial Personality, A Social Construction. 2 ed. Sussex: Routledge.

Drucker, Peter F. 2002. “The Discipline of Innovation.†Harvard Business Review (08).

Drucker, Peter F. 2015. Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Practice and Principles. New York: Routledge Classics.

Hebert, Robert F., dan Albert N. Link. 1989. “In Search of the Meaning of Entrepreneurship.†Small Business Economics 1(1):39–49.

Herbert, Robert F., dan Albert N. Link. 2007. “Historical Perspectives on the Entrepreneur.†Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship 2(4):261–408.

Hoselitz, B. 1960. “The Early History of Entrepreneurial Theory.†dalam Essays in Economic Thought: Aristotle to Marshall. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Karayiannis, A. D. 2003. “Entrepreneurial functions and characteristics in a protocapitalist economy: The Xenophanian entrepreneur.†Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter 50:553–63.

Kiessling, Timothy S., dan R. Glenn Richey. 2004. “Examining the theoretical inspirations of a management guru.†Management Decision 42(10):1269–83.

Koolman, G. 1971. “Say’s Conception of the Role of the Entrepreneur.†Economica 38(151):269–86.

Landstrom, Hans. 2005. Pioneers in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Research. Boston: Springer.

Link, Albert N., dan Jamie R. Link. 2009. Government as Entrepreneur. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lowe, Robin, dan Sue Marriott. 2006. Enterprise: Entrepreneurship and Innovation. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Menger, Carl. 2007. Principles of Economics. Alabama, USA: The Institute for Humane Studies.

Mintardjo, Christoffel Mardy O. 2017. Pengantar Ilmu Kewirausahaan dan Manajemen Usaha Kecil Pemula, Latar Belakang, Teori, Terapan dan Kasus. 1 ed. Manado: Unsrat Press.

Mintardjo, Christoffel Mardy O., Achmad Sudiro, Rahayu Mintarti, dan Sudjatno. 2019. “Evolusi Usaha Kewirausahaan: Startup dari Masa Lalu sampai ke Masa Depan.†dalam Prosiding Simposium Nasional Filsafat Ilmu Ekonomi dan Bisnis. Malang: Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis UB.

Mises, L. Von. 1949. Human Action: A Treatise on Economics. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Nagarajan, K. V. 2011. “A History of Entrepreneurship, A Review.†International Journal of Business and Social Science 2(9):241–42.

Perelman, Michael. 1995. “Retrospectives Schumpeter, David Wells, and Creative Destruction.†Journal of Economic Perspectives 9(3):189–97.

Pittaway, L. A. 2005. “Philosophies in entrepreneurship: a focus on economic theories.†International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research 11(3):201–21.

Praag, C. Mirjam Van. 1999. “Some Classic View on Entrepreneurship.†De Economist 147(3):311–35.

Rey, A. 1994. “Le Robert, Dictionnaire historique de la langue française.†dalam Dictionnaires. Paris: Le Robert.

Robehmed, Natalie. 2013. “What Is A Startup?†FORBES ONLINE.

Ross, Alec. 2017. The Industries of the Future. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Rusu, Sergiu, Florin Isac, Radu Cureteanu, dan Lulela Csorba. 2012. “Entrepreneurship and entrepreneur: A review of literature concepts.†African Journal of Business Management 6(10):3570–75.

Say, Jean-Baptiste. 1851. A Treatise on Political Economy of the Production, Distribution, and Consumption of Wealth. Translated by Clement C. Biddle. Philadelphia: Lippincot, Grambo & Co.

Schumpeter, Joseph. 1934. The Theory of Economic Development. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1942. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. 1 ed. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers.

Schwab, Klaus. 2016. The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Geneva: World Economic Forum.

Seung-Hee, Koh, Kim Sung-Soo, Kim Shin, Kim Young-Rai, Sul Bong-Sik, dan Lee Kun-Hee. 2013. Why Samsung, Menginspirasi Dunia, Menciptakan Masa Depan. Yogyakarta: PT. Bentang Pustaka.

Shefsky, L. E. 2000. Entrepreneurs are Made Not Born. New York: McGraw Hill.

Smith, Adam. 1776. An Inquary into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nation. 1 ed. London: Printed for W. Strahan; and T. Cadell.

Thiel, Peter. 2014. Zero to One, Notes on Startups, or How to Build the Future. New York: Crown Publishing Group.

Tim ITS. 2015. Technopreneurship. Surabaya: LP2KHA ITS.

Tripathi, D. 2011. “Book Review: Robert F. Hebert and Albert N. Link, A History of Entrepreneurship,London & New York: Routledge, 2009, 121 pp.†The Journal of Entrepreneurship 20(1):143–58.

Tulung, J. E., Saerang, I. S., & Pandia, S. (2018). The influence of corporate governance on the intellectual capital disclosure: a study on Indonesian private banks. Banks and Bank Systems, 13(4), 61-72.

Wasif, Minhas. 2018. Advancing Entrepreneurship in the United Arab Emirates, Start-up Challenges and Opportunitie. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Weber, Max. 1930. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Translated by Talcott Parsons. London: Allen and Unwin.




How to Cite

Mintardjo, C. M. O., Ogi, I. W., Kawung, G. M. V., & Raintung, M. C. (2020). SEJARAH TEORI KEWIRAUSAHAAN: DARI SAUDAGAR SAMPAI KE TEKNOPRENUR STARTUP. JMBI UNSRAT (Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen Bisnis Dan Inovasi Universitas Sam Ratulangi)., 7(1).