DNA Barcoding Dalugha (Cyrtosperma Merkusii) di Kepulauan Talaud dan Minahasa Selatan Berdasarkan Gen rbcL

Marlin Bernadet Taariwuan, Jantje Ngangi, Yermia Mokosuli, Sukmarayu Gedoan

Abstract


(Article History: Received June 28, 2021; Revised August 30, 2021; Accepted Sept 3, 2021)

 

ABSTRAK

Dalugha (Cyrtospera merkusii (Hassk.)Schott) merupakan tanaman endemik Sulawesi Utara yang digunakan sebagai pangan alternatif (penganti beras). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan spesies daluga di Kepulauan Talaud dan Minahasa Selatan menggunakan DNA barcode gen rbcL (ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate carboxylase large). Perbandingan barcode DNA yang dilakukan pada empat sampel yang berbeda lokasi tersebut keduanya menghasilkan tingkat kesamaan 100% (identik). Dengan demikian, tidak ada variasi intra spesies yang ditemukan dari semua sampel yang ada. Selanjutnya, kemiripan sampel-sampel ini telusuri kemiripannya dengan kerabat terdekat yang tercatat di GenBank menggunakan BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool).  Tanaman dalugha dalam penelitian ini memiliki kemiripan 99,82% dengan tumbuhan Anaphyllopsis americana (AM905753.1), dan kemiripannya 99,63% dengan Cyrtosperma macrotum (AM905750.1), Lasimorpha senegalensis (AM905755.1), Pycnospatha arietina (AM905751.1), dan Podolasia stipitata (AM905752.1). Belum ada rekor sekuens DNA gen rbcL dari spesies ini yang dibisa dibandingkan di GenBank.

Kata Kunci: Dalugha; DNA barcoding; gen rbcL

 

ABSTRACT

Dalugha (Cyrtospera merkusii (Hassk.) Schott) is an endemic plant in North Sulawesi that is used as alternative food (substitute for rice). This research aimed to compare the DNA barcode of dalugha in Talaud Islands and in South Minahasa using rbcL (ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate carboxylase large) gene. The DNA barcoding comparison of all four samples in both area resulted in 100% similarity (identical). Therefore, there is no intraspecific variation found in all samples. Furthermore, the similarity of these samples were conducted with BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) to compare with its closest relatives in GenBank. The closest relatives of this plant, based on similarity information, are 99.82% with Anaphyllopsis americana (AM905753.1) and all 99.63% with Cyrtosperma macrotum (AM905750.1), Lasimorpha senegalensis (AM905755.1), Pycnospatha arietina (AM905751.1), and Podolasia stipitata (AM905752.1).  There is no record yet of rbcL gene sequence of C. merkusii in GenBank for comparison.

Keywords: Dalugha; DNA barcoding; rbcL gene


Keywords


Dalugha; DNA barcoding; gen rbcL

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.35799/jbl.v11i2.34452

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